51 Cryptocurrency Glossary

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Most decentralized exchanges work this way, using a peer-to-peer connection where people can seamlessly trade cryptocurrencies. This happens when the value of assets used to secure a loan is far higher than the loan itself. This helps with keeping the price and value of the asset stable. This is an information or data source that’s usually transmitted from a third party, and utilized to determine the results provided by smart contract technology. This is a difference between how much you started your crypto investment with and the total amount of your cash flow from the investments and trading. The law stating that technology is bound to become better with time at an exponential rate, thus drastically improving productivity, and making things cheaper.

In other words, a node’s memory pool contains all 0-confirmation transactions across the entire network that that particular node knows about . When miners construct new blocks, they fill their candidate blocks with transactions taken from their local node’s mempool. It is a common misconception that “the mempool” is one single network-wide thing, when in reality it is a different set of transactions for every node. Indeed, if it could be guaranteed that every node had exactly the same mempool, then there would be no need for mining or a block chain. In the case of Bitcoin, a Bitcoin wallet and its private key are linked by some mathematical magic.

Happens when many of the nodes on a network become malicious and hijack the network for their shady activities –usually preventing certain nodes from interacting with other authentic nodes. This is what a micro transaction without any fees is called. In this instance, the transaction is so small that Bitcoin adding any fees is pointless. Common sense advice encouraging all potential investors and traders to research their tokens of choice properly instead of just going with the recommendations of an “expert” or friend. This will help you HODL in the event of a major price dip and weather the storm.

Bitcoin & Crypto Vocabulary

Not all Bitcoin users do Bitcoin mining, and it is not an easy way to make money. the amount of bitcoins which is collected from the bitcoin transaction. The fee collected through the transaction goes to miners to encourage them to keep mining. A miner can include such amount of transactions that he prefers, thus, he can automatically increase his reward. Within the Bitcoin cryptocurrency, the user can set up a fee that he prefers, but he needs to take into account that if it is too small the transaction can stay unconfirmed for a long time. A private key is a secret piece of data that proves your right to spend bitcoins from a specific wallet through a cryptographic signature. Your private key are stored in your computer if you use a software wallet; they are stored on some remote servers if you use a web wallet.

A system of rules run by the nodes that constitute a given network. For instance, Bitcoin is a protocol and Litecoin is a protocol, but both cannot be run by a single node as they have conflicting rules. Someone who has not yet invested in bitcoin, possible because they have not yet been exposed to the technology or attempted to learn about it. In the Bitcoin space, OPSEC generally refers to the importance of securing individual pieces of data that might be grouped together to reveal critical information about personal identity. Someone who heard about bitcoin relatively early on, but made the conscious decision not to invest and now potentially holds a grudge against the project for it. It was originally supposed to be a marketplace for Magic The Gathering cards, deriving its name from an acronym for Magic The Gathering Online Exchange .

This is usually a code sent to your mobile device when you want to login to your crypto exchange. Can either be an SMS or through an authenticator app that’s synced to your account. A crypto token that has a real use https://tokenexus.com/blog/bitcoin-vocabulary/ on its platform and not actually meant to store value. A good example of this is Binance’s native token, Binance Coin . This is the interface acting as a middleman between the program or platform and its human users.

The block chain is a public record of Bitcoin Cash transactions in chronological order. It is used to verify the permanence of Bitcoin Cash transactions and to prevent double spending. Lightening Network — is a payment protocol which is operational on top of the blockchain which is capable of millions to billions of transactions per second across the entire network. Has been touted as one of the most potent solutions to the cryptocurrency scaling issue. Cryptographic Signature — A particular Bitcoin wallet and its corresponding private key are connected via cryptographic wizardry. The magic here now is the impossibility of guessing your private key. Usually the size of a block is between a few kilobytes and a few megabytes.

This is a set of blocks distributed between a lot of nodes placed in the world. This is a public recording of all transactions made by people who use cryptocurrency. The act of confirming a bitcoin transaction’s validity, done by miners, every 10 minutes after a block has been mined.

Bitcoin Vocabulary

This is a technique that’s used during the process of deploying zero-knowledge proofs. These are programs or documents used to verify the validity of documents with making any of the details public. The process of taking money out of your exchange and moving it to your personal account. This is a trader or investor to buys up a large volume of tokens at a specific price. Bitcoin Vocabulary The future of the interwebs where computers and artificial intelligence would be able to compile and interact with data in a way that only humans can. A more robust and modern version of the web with multimedia, more interactions between users and a lot more dynamism. This is when an entity trades cryptos with a specific set of people –usually a small group.


A global network of all computers involved in bitcoin mining are responsible for processing transactions and maintaining the blockchain. A block is a set of transactions and a basic element of Blockchain. Usually, the time of creating a new block in the network is about 10 minutes. In a block, all of the transaction hashes in the block are themselves hashed (sometimes several times — the exact process is complex), and the result is the Merkle root. In other words, the Merkle root is the hash of all the hashes of all the transactions in the block. This feature is currently not used in Bitcoin, but it will be in the future. Nodes store transactions waiting to get into a block in their memory pool after receiving them.

  • This process was undertaken in order to avoid double-spending attack.
  • It is used to verify the permanence of Bitcoin Cash transactions and to prevent double spending.
  • InventoryA data type identifier and a hash; used to identify transactions and blocks available for download through the Bitcoin P2P network.
  • It takes on average 10 minutes for a transaction to be confirmed.
  • WalletSoftware that stores private keys and monitors the block chain to allow users to spend and receive satoshis.
  • The block chain is a public record of Bitcoin Cash transactions in chronological order.

These are non-public exchanges that are kept very private. Transactions or activities on these exchanges are typically non-transparent and may be even be borderline shady. This is usually accessed by invite only or through a select group. This is a programming process that’s usually running in the background and only becomes full-fledged when a program is executed or an event is triggered.

Interesting Facts About Bitcoin

The International Standards Organization’s abbreviation for bitcoin , with “X” denoting currencies that are not associated with any particular country. A digital signature created with the Schnorr signature algorithm. https://tokenexus.com/ The pseudonymous creator of Bitcoin whose real-world identity remains unknown. Slang for “wrecked.” Used to describe a significant loss of funds due to poor investment choices or significant loss of bitcoin.

Bitcoin Vocabulary

As a reward for their services, Bitcoin Cash miners can collect transaction fees for the transactions they confirm, along with newly created bitcoins. Mining is a specialized and competitive market where the rewards are divided up according to how much calculation is done.

These are cryptos that are purchased for the purpose of being held until the sometime in the future, during which its value would have appreciated. This is a crypto that’s created for the sole purpose of being attached to a specific value. This is a summary or quick record of all the cryptos you have available in your portfolio. These are regular folks who invest in and trade cryptocurrencies as against institutional investors like fortune 500 companies. A harmful hacking procedure that allows cyber thieves to obtain your personal details and gain unauthorized access to your accounts.

A series of conditions that helps identify cryptocurrencies that are either utility tokens or securities. As a result, it is subject to the same regulations as a traditional financial instrument called securities. This is a situation when nodes share data Bitcoin Vocabulary with other nodes. This is unusual because nodes are typically self-sufficient and independent of others. This is the term used to define how much profits or returns on investment you’ve made from investing in or trading one or more cryptocurrencies.

This is when a transaction that’s already on a crypto network is added to a block is confirmed. This guarantees that the transaction data stays on the blockchain forever. Bitcoin transaction incentives that the miners receive for mining block via bitcoins, which is actually a small fee that the bitcoin users pay in order to complete BTC transactions. Each block contains the hash Bitcoin Vocabulary of the previous block, confirmed transactions, and a number called a nonce. When a valid block is created, it is distributed through the network and work on the next block starts. A private key is a secret piece of data that proves your right to spend bitcoins from your wallet. If you don’t encrypt your bitcoin wallet it makes it easier for someone to steal your private keys.

Common abbreviations include BTC, XBT or lowercase bitcoin when referring to units of the currency. Bitcoin – with capitalization, is used when describing the concept of Bitcoin, or the entire Bitcoin Vocabulary network itself. Bit is a common unit used to designate a sub-unit of a bitcoin – 1,000,000 bits is equal to 1 bitcoin . an attack when the same coins are used in more than one transaction.

Bitcoin Terminology

WalletSoftware that stores private keys and monitors the block chain to allow users to spend and receive satoshis. InventoryA data type identifier and a hash; used to identify transactions and blocks available for download through the Bitcoin P2P network.

Bitcoin Vocabulary

A Bitcoin Cash wallet is loosely the equivalent of a physical wallet on the Bitcoin Cash network. The wallet actually contains your private key which allow you to spend the bitcoins allocated to it in the block chain. Each Bitcoin Cash wallet can show you the total balance of all bitcoins it controls and lets you pay a specific amount to a specific person, just like a real wallet. This is different to credit cards where you are charged by the merchant. If a malicious user tries to spend their bitcoins to two different recipients at the same time, this is double spending.

Distributed-ledger data can be either “permissioned” or “unpermissioned” to control who can read and write to the ledger. The reward for generating a block that has not yet been spent, a state which might increase the ability to transact anonymously. A participant in a p2p network which connects to as many other nodes as possible. A result that can only be obtained through the use of computational resources.

Some Bitcoin Cash Words You Might Hear

Happens when a taker chooses the best available token price and picks up the token volume available at that price. For instance, if a seller lists 10 BTC at $5,000 and another lists his at $6500, a taker can place a market order for the former, buying all 10 BTCs at once.

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